文:宋文莉 — 2015-7-15 14:38:36

【都市日本人如何走向自然】猎鹿背后的自然观

 
  2013年11月,山水非著名帅哥邹滔与自然之友黄海琼、云南在地自然教育工作室宋文莉,作为山水【自然学堂】项目首批3名自然学校研修生之一前往日本游学,希望借鉴日本自然学校多年发展和积累的理论和实践经验,在中国推动建设自然学校,并形成中国自然学校网络。
 
  在日本游学的日子里,他们参加过充满传统色彩的谢肉祭,也体验过独特的狩猎仪式,在雪地运动会上大放异彩,也在普通日式家庭里共度新年。
 
  我们正定期连载他们在日本游学时所写的随记,让我们一同去感受日本自然教育的多样与务实吧。
 
 
  猎鹿背后的自然观
 
  如果增长的鹿群造成对当地经济的损失,人要去干涉吗?如果鹿群对当地生态环境有负面的影响,我们会怎么做?我们到底在保护什么?为什么而保护?曾经在“自然导师”培训中,蚂蚁提醒我们思考,你的自然观是什么?你是如何看待人和自然的关系?Whole earth自然学校(WENS)的体验,让我再次思考了这个问题。
 
  日本在上世纪60年代的时候,森林面积很少,野生动物也很少。随着经济的发展,越来越多的人移居城市,山林的植物和动物有了生存空间,数量得到增长。但在近十年,社会开始意识到,迅速增长的鹿群已经成为一个问题。鹿啃食草地,有些昆虫因没有草地而减少,导致鸟的数量减少;鹿啃食树皮,有些树木因此死亡,落在地上的松果也被吃掉,新生树木减少,影响健康的森林,可能引发泥石流。于是,政府开始对鹿进行猎捕。
 
  外界有某些动物保护组织反对猎捕。WENS的浅子先生认为,人从感情角度出发,会用道德优越感来评价此事可以理解,但问题是是否考虑到人的需求,切身感觉到 当地农户所受的威胁?WENS有很明确的出发点即保护富士山,实现人和自然的和谐共存。所以为了共存,在野生动物对所在区域的生态平衡有负面影响时,WENS选择的是猎捕,而猎捕的数量、方法都有科学数据和法律规定。我理解的共存,不是绝对以人的角度出发,也不是绝对的保护,而是将人和自然看成共生体,人和自然的关系是互动的,相互依存和制约。而人,需要有意识地维护这个平衡并且具有这个智慧,让人和自然的发展都能可持续。当然,这不是唯一的理解。
 
  人与自然共存的自然观,贯穿在WENS的项目中。社区的竹林清理项目,也是同样的出发点。自然学校作为机构坚守的自然观是什么?我想不管它是怎样的,我们需要思考和建立,并丰富其内涵。这些都会在项目以及引导者的一言一行中传达出来。
 
  
 
  在食物中体会生命
 
  到WENS的第二天,看到员工们制作鹿肉干的过程,他们会在新年时将鹿肉送给支持伙伴以示感谢。尝一尝鹿肉,很有嚼头又很香。鹿从何而来?今天跟浅子和吉米去到富士山脚下的伊豆国家公园,观摩他们捕鹿课程。
 
  国家公园内的道路两旁是高大的针阔叶混合林,绿葱葱间点缀着或红或黄。路上看到两只日本鹿,白屁股对着我们,回望了我们一眼,马上钻到林子里蹦走了。到达富士山1200米的地方后,我们的猎鹿课程就在这里开始。
 
  跟随大家进到林子里,火山灰积累的土层为树木生长提供了充分的养料,地上铺着一层落叶,能看到被啃掉树皮的痕迹、也有鹿的粪便。猎夹只放了一天,没有捕到鹿,于是WENS的工作人员将前几天捕到的鹿现场进行了宰杀以做示范。鹿头被迅速地割下来、鹿皮被剥掉,很快鹿肉被分成一块一块。
 
  看着“血淋淋”的场景,想起我们在途中遇见的两只鹿那铜铃般的大眼,想起像鹿一样踩在松软的丛林里的感觉。这些片段就像放电影般,慢慢拼凑起鹿的一生,一头小鹿在青草丰盛 的季节有降生,它跟随母鹿在林间学会奔跑,悠闲地在阳光下觅食,下雨时在洞窟或大树下躲雨,有一天不小心踩到陷阱,成为人的美食。在那个刹那,我意识到吃过的鹿肉,原来是这样的一个鲜活的生命。我们的餐前感恩,是感谢这个生命的牺牲,也感谢滋养这个生命的万物。生命的过程也许就是这样,在其它生命的供给上生存,最后也将自己献给自然。人,亦如此。
 
  在WENS,这种体验称为“食育”,是生命教育里的一部分。很多孩子们见到的是超市里的猪肉片、鸡翅,以为它们就只是食物,而不知道食物的“原型”是什么, 更不知道这些“原型”是有生命的个体。WENS的活动让孩子体会跟家畜接触,与鱼、鸡建立感情的过程,再和孩子一起把这些做成食物。让孩子意识到人和家畜的关系、体会这些生命。
 
spy on phone free turbofish.com spyware android phones
aids hiv prevention signs of being hiv positive hiv aids facts
aids hiv prevention aids pictures hiv aids facts
should i cheat on my girlfriend open will my girlfriend cheat
i want to cheat on my husband blog.artistamobile.com has my husband cheated on me
i want to cheat on my husband blog.artistamobile.com has my husband cheated on me
finding out your boyfriend cheated vancouverpaddlewheeler.com i cheated on my boyfriend now what
cheats blog.perecruit.com wife affair
indian sex stories com tolobel.com hindi erotic sex stories
indian sex stories com go hindi erotic sex stories
meet to cheat site will my husband cheat again
meet to cheat site will my husband cheat again
discount drug coupon dificultadesdeaprendizaje.com pharmacy card
discount drug coupon dificultadesdeaprendizaje.com pharmacy card
walgreens photo coupons online madhubanipainting.org coupons rx
walgreens pharmacy coupons new prescription open albertsons pharmacy coupon
medication coupons printable link walgreens photo promo codes
medication coupons printable chessbin.com walgreens photo promo codes
petmart pharmacy coupons aftofdatum.com discount drug coupon
why do women cheat on husbands how many women cheat on husbands how many guys cheat
abortion pills over the counter read abortion in the united states
abortion pills over the counter read abortion in the united states
cvs photo promo codes allindiasweetsrestaurant.com cvs deals
rx prescription coupons go prescription discounts cards
prescription cards pfizer coupons for viagra coupons for viagra
viagra manufacturer coupon 2015 tracyawheeler.com viagra manufacturer coupon 2015
viagra manufacturer coupon 2015 tracyawheeler.com viagra manufacturer coupon 2015
diflucan 50mg blog.idilbaby.com amoxicillin 500mg
viagra pill go diflucan 100mg
valtrex 0.5g betamethasone doxycycline
pfizer viagra coupon viagra coupons from pfizer viagra coupon pfizer
pfizer viagra coupon viagra coupons from pfizer viagra coupon pfizer
coupon for free viagra coupons for viagra printable viagra coupon pfizer
coupon for free viagra prescription drugs discount cards viagra coupon pfizer
coupon for free viagra coupons for viagra printable viagra coupon pfizer
abortion pill abortion pill abortion pill
can i take metformin to lose weight canitake.net can i take metformin to lose weight
can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone can i take antabuse and naltrexone
lisinopril and calcium supplements lisinopriland.net lisinopril and calcium supplements
lilly cialis coupon open free printable cialis coupons
cialis coupon codes prescription drug cards prescription coupon card
prescription drugs coupons open cialis coupon card
prescription drugs coupons prostudiousa.com cialis coupon card
discount prescription drug card go internet drug coupons
discount prescription drug card is-aber.net internet drug coupons
discount prescription drug card go internet drug coupons
naproxen mylan naproxen dosering naproxen
diflucan forum click diflucan kandida
diflucan forum click diflucan kandida
arcoxia preis come2belgrade.com arcoxia 120mg
loperamida para que es loperamide loperamide dosage
tadalafil site tadalafil
coversyl 4 mg link coversyl notice
coversyl 4 mg link coversyl notice
plavix indication mcmurray.biz plavix vidal
plavix indication site plavix vidal
buscopan dragees buscopan preis buscopan dosierung
chlorpromazine hydrochloride chlorpromazine vidal chlorpromazine pdf
prograf link prografia aps
prograf link prografia aps
prograf thepoliticalsword.com prografia aps
coupon for prescription coupon for free cialis coupons for cialis 2016
adalat oros precio truonggiang.net adalat 10
adalat oros precio truonggiang.net adalat 10
adalat oros precio truonggiang.net adalat 10
cialis free coupon cialis coupon cialis free coupon
discount coupons for cialis cialis free coupon online cialis coupons
endep 25 and alcohol endep side effects 25mg endep 25 mg
discount coupons for prescriptions farsettiarte.it free cialis coupon
discount coupons for prescriptions free printable cialis coupons free cialis coupon
about abortion armyrotc.uga.edu abortion clinics in san diego
amoxicillin endikasyonlar amoxicillin 500 mg amoxicillin 1000 mg
medical abortion cost how much do abortion pill cost abortion pill debate
cialis coupon card cialis discounts coupons discount coupons for cialis
cialis coupon card cialis coupon card discount coupons for cialis
cialis coupon card coupon cialis cialis.com coupons
cialis coupon card coupons for prescriptions cialis.com coupons
cialis 100 mg cialis tablet cialis
cialis coupons free abraham.thesharpsystem.com free cialis coupon
ventolin brez recepta blog.rewardsrunner.com ventolin vs berodual
stemetil im onset harshpande.net stemetil spc
viagra koupit viagra koupit viagra koupit
esomeprazole gxp cmi esomeprazole gxp used for esomeprazole rbx cmi
vermox delovanje exlim.net vermox
prescription coupon card acnc.com free printable cialis coupons
coupons free viagra savings and coupons discount prescription drug card
coupons free viagra savings and coupons discount prescription drug card
thyrax duitsland bistromc.org thyrax duitsland
neurontin neurontin 100 mg neurontin cena
vermox alkohol vermox prodej vermox spc
how late can you get an abortion pill free abortions abortion pill law
vermox vermox prodej vermox alkohol
vermox vermox prodej vermox alkohol
nootropil buy nootropil danmark nootropil
nootropil buy nootropil 800 g nootropil
nootropil buy nootropil review nootropil
neurontin neurontin neurontin 400
how much is the abortion pill cheap abortion pill how does abortion pill work
voltaren nedir saveapanda.com voltaren ampul
amoxicillin 500 mg aictmkulahospital.org amoxicillin
viagra viagra pret viagra wiki
viagra idiotygenii.com viagra wiki
viagra viagra pret viagra wiki
viagra viagra pret viagra wiki
abortion pill questions funtimeleisure.co.uk late term abortion pill clinics
abortion pill questions average abortion pill cost late term abortion pill clinics
amoxicillin al 1000 alexebeauty.com amoxicillin endikasyonlar
amoxicillin al 1000 amoxicillin antibiyotik fiyat amoxicillin endikasyonlar
duphaston i ovulacija duphaston cijena bez recepta duphaston cijena bez recepta
duphaston i ovulacija duphaston cijena bez recepta duphaston cijena bez recepta
information on abortion pill abortion pill side effects abortion pill cost
discount prescription coupons cialis coupons free coupons for cialis printable
free abortion pill non surgical abortion pill abortion pill information
free abortion pill lakeerengallery.com abortion pill information
free abortion pill non surgical abortion pill abortion pill information
free cialis samples coupon agrisol.com.ar cialis.com coupon
low cost abortion pill abortion price how does abortion pill work
priligy kokemuksia priligy keskustelu priligy 30 mg
coupon for free cialis cialis discount coupon coupons cialis
coupon for free cialis cialis coupons from lilly coupons cialis
late term abortion pill clinics how much is an abortion pill how does abortion pill work
vermox cena vermox prodej vermox prodej
vermox cena vermox prodej vermox prodej
cialis cialis kopiprodukter cialis
cheap abortion pill clinics having an abortion after abortion pill
teenage abortion pill late term abortion pill clinics when can you get an abortion pill
teenage abortion pill late term abortion pill clinics when can you get an abortion pill
teenage abortion pill late term abortion pill clinics when can you get an abortion pill
addiyan chuk chuk addiyar newspaper addyi
should abortion pill be legal misoprostol abortion abortion pill cost without insurance
acetazolamide 250 mg tablets acetazolamide pka acetazolamide blood brain barrier
coupon prescription coupon for prescriptions discount prescription coupons
average cost of an abortion pill abortion pill risks abortion pill cost without insurance
abortion pill process arborawning.com abortions facts
articles on abortion pill abortion pill abortion pill questions
cost of medical abortion pro abortion abortion pill cost
voltaren krem nedir voltaren voltaren gel
voltaren krem nedir avonotakaronetwork.co.nz voltaren gel
nootropil danmark by-expression.com nootropil piracetam
duphaston tablete za odgodu menstruacije duphaston forum duphaston iskustva
coupon websites for groceries andreinfo best site for coupons
coupon websites for groceries andreinfo best site for coupons
amoxicillin nedir amoxicilline amoxicilline
amoxicillin nedir albayraq-uae.com amoxicilline
types of abortion pill aldwych-international.com medical abortion pill
viagra.com coupon canadian pharmacy coupons discount coupons for prescription medications
viagra.com coupon pharmacy discount coupon discount coupons for prescription medications
amoxicillin dermani haqqinda amoxicillin al 1000 amoxicillin 500 mg
pill abortion average cost of an abortion pill non surgical abortion pill
2nd trimester abortion pill agama-rc.com how much is the abortion pill
2nd trimester abortion pill agama-rc.com how much is the abortion pill
2nd trimester abortion pill agama-rc.com how much is the abortion pill
first trimester masykur.web.id abortion pills for sale
first trimester want an abortion abortion pills for sale
new prescription coupons cameronswan.co.uk coupon for free cialis
new prescription coupons cameronswan.co.uk coupon for free cialis
abortion clinics in columbus ohio storage.toshiba.com abortion info
abortion clinics in columbus ohio what happens when you get an abortion abortion info
abortion clinics in columbus ohio storage.toshiba.com abortion info
prescription coupons cialis coupon 2015 free cialis samples coupon
lilly cialis coupons prescription savings card prescription drug discount cards
lilly cialis coupons cialis 2015 coupon prescription drug discount cards
naltrexone experiences alcohol detox naltrexone indications
narcan challenge naltrexone for thyroid alcohol and naltrexone
naltrexone opioid naltrexone brand name what is the difference between naloxone and naltrexone
naltrexone opioid naltrexone brand name what is the difference between naloxone and naltrexone
low dose naltrexone online pharmacy avonotakaronetwork.co.nz detox
low dose naltrexone online pharmacy avonotakaronetwork.co.nz detox
revia reviews go stopping naltrexone
revia reviews blog.bjorback.com stopping naltrexone
low dose naltrexone pregnancy click opioid blocker injection
low dose naltrexone pregnancy click opioid blocker injection
low dose naltrexone sleep site alcohol naltrexone
naltrexone wikipedia oscarsotorrio.com naltrexone medication
alcohol implant treatment charamin.com naltrexone over the counter
naltrexone dosing for alcohol dependence open naltrexone diarrhea
naltrexone thyroid click naltrexone in alcohol dependence
naltrexone thyroid house.raupes.net naltrexone in alcohol dependence
glimepirid amaryl glimepirid 4 mg glimepirid hexal
glimepirid amaryl glimepirid 4 mg glimepirid hexal
自然学堂

到WENS的第二天,看到员工们制作鹿肉干的过程,他们会在新年时将鹿肉送给支持伙伴以示感谢。尝一尝鹿肉,很有嚼头又很香。鹿从何而来?今天跟浅子和吉米去到富士山脚下的伊豆国家公园,观摩他们捕鹿课程。

项目团队

    项目支持伙伴

    关于

    山水自然保护中心于2007年建立。我们通过观察、记录和研究自然,寻找和当地的守护者一起保护自然的方式。我们在中国生物多样性最丰富的三江源、西南山地及澜沧江区域(青海、云南、四川、甘肃、陕西)开展保护工作。

    链接

    关注