文:宋文莉 — 2015-7-15 14:25:42

【都市日本人如何走向自然】悠闲的健行

 
  2013年11月,山水非著名帅哥邹滔与自然之友黄海琼、云南在地自然教育工作室宋文莉,作为山水【自然学堂】项目首批3名自然学校研修生之一前往日本游学,希望借鉴日本自然学校多年发展和积累的理论和实践经验,在中国推动建设自然学校,并形成中国自然学校网络。
 
  在日本游学的日子里,他们参加过充满传统色彩的谢肉祭,也体验过独特的狩猎仪式,在雪地运动会上大放异彩,也在普通日式家庭里共度新年。
 
  我们正定期连载他们在日本游学时所写的随记,让我们一同去感受日本自然教育的多样与务实吧。
 
 
  悠闲的健行
 
  在日本自然学校两个月的学习是On the Job Training的方式,即通过体验和参与自然学校的实际工作来学习。今天“健行”也是先体验。
 
  健行,是以步行为主要诉求的运动,有利于身心健康。今天的健行是由当地的公民馆主办,参与者大多是60岁以上的老人,本着健康的目的来参与活动,Whole earth 的导师田中小姐来带领。在进行了热身以及健行要领的练习后,我们便行走在了上柚野的田园美景中。山间的红叶散发着深秋的气息、民居前的柿子一树金黄,壮美 的富士山仿佛触手可及。沿途,田中小姐会给大家讲解地社区的“遗迹”的故事,掌管织布的蚕神、无头的地藏王菩萨。从他们缓慢的步速、聊天的笑容中,能感受 到参与者对此刻的享受。有位老太太告诉我们,日语里有个词叫“nodokala”(音译),意为悠闲的心情,很适合形容此刻。1个半小时、4公里,让人觉 得惬意、不劳累,一切都是刚刚好!
 
 
  “开放”的尝试
 
  四年前,Whole earth 自然学校(WENS)开始了健康&自然主题的尝试。当时日本的65岁以上的人口比例是23.1%,生活习惯病(高血压、冠心病)的死亡率是60%,将军肚、抑郁症的比例也很高,健康已经是大问题。WENS的使命是“通过实践,以实现富士山静冈地区人、自然、社区能够共同生活,大家心怀感激、 自豪地生活在世上”。健康主题能带动更多人参与,是符合WENS使命的。
 
  首先是于一位大学教授和医院康复师合作进行了几次活动尝试。试行过程中,当地政府部门知晓后加入进来,他们希望健康与自然结合的主题能让森林资源得到有效利用,同时增进健康减少医疗开支,活跃当地经济。四方一起设定项目目标即“利用富士宫市的环境,让参加的人、自然环境、地域经济都能变得更健康。”随后吸引 了更多的合作方,做旅游产业的、森林资源管理者,一起成立了“富士宫森林资源活用健康推进协议会”。
 
  WENS 的明确使命,让其有信心对合作方保持开放的态度,积极寻找各方的共同点,结合多方资源做事。同时也有意识地进行多样化的课程设计,放进市场检验,在尝试中 明确人群和主题。一开始,WENS设计了Tracing、健行、吹剑、精油制作、慢跑等活动,用较低的价格吸引人参与的同时,邀请有专业能力的人参与活动给出建议。在2011年,WENS针对此主题做了43次活动,共有710人参与。在对不同的内容进行分析后,确定了主要人群,即60岁以上的老人,两个最受欢迎的活动健行和精油制作也固定下来重点开发。原打算花3年将课程做成熟,现在田中小姐认为需要更长的时间来完善,实现这个主题的收支平衡。 
 
  我们不妨也放下“姿态”,坚定使命的同时,了解各方的兴趣和需求,才能汇集更多力量。
 
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自然学堂

在日本自然学校两个月的学习是On the Job Training的方式,即通过体验和参与自然学校的实际工作来学习。今天“健行”也是先体验。

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