文:陈奂琦 — 2015-7-1 13:57:23

白熊坪寻尸记

  四月白熊坪志愿者合影

  生机勃勃的白熊坪  刁鲲鹏 摄
 
  生物圈自有其特殊的调节方式——死去的动物,会在“分解者”们的帮助下重新进入生态循环。位于岷山北麓的白熊坪辖域内,“分解者”们的情况又是怎样的呢?为了探索这个问题的答案,我们招募了来自五湖四海的志愿者,去搜寻尚未分解的动物尸体,安上红外相机,拍摄记录前来参与分解尸体的食肉食腐动物,从一个独特的视角对保护区生态系统健康做出评估。
 
  在短暂的野外行动知识培训之后,我们整装出发。山里的路不易走,有的地方乱石丛生,有的地方河水湍急,山坡湿滑,林深丛密。这样的路,大家都走得十分艰辛。过河时有人落水,爬山后手脚颤巍,但志愿者们没有任何人退缩,他们从城市中来,却抱着低姿态学习的心,这份精神令我们感动、敬佩。
 
  辛劳的搜寻也有令人欣喜的结果。我们共找到了三具动物尸体。
 
  第一具尸体是一头亚成年牛羚,在第一批志愿者志愿服务的第二天被发现:公路边的水沟下,溪水静静流淌,微风过处,隐约夹杂着尸体散发的恶臭。在站长和研修生带领下,我们以公路水沟处为原点,兵分两路地毯式搜索。在大约 3小时的搜索后,终于在石桥底部发现了已经开始腐烂的羚牛尸体,安装红外相机,做好伪装,我们期待着食肉食腐动物的到来,它们将带来宝贵的数据。
 
  亚成年牛羚尸体
 
  第二具尸体是在山脚密林中的斑羚,第三具则是在河流边的大石下的成年羚牛。它们都是第二批志愿者志愿服务的第一天,在无底沟沟口附近发现的。斑羚尸体肚子鼓胀,保存还较为完整,它的分解才刚开始。羚牛尸体在一圈乱石中央,这里临水,避雨,是羚牛理想的终老之地。同样地,我们安装好红外相机,等待着时间给我们最佳的答案。
 
 
  刁鲲鹏 摄
 
  这一次次寻寻觅觅的过程,也是志愿者和白熊坪的工作人员一次次难忘的野外经历。林下的羊肚菌,竹林里的熊猫粪便,或是转角而现的野猪窝,或是不期而遇的羚牛或野猪,一切都彰显着这片土地的生命张力。这里,生机勃勃,野妙趣横生,这里,是大自然的乐园。
 
  林下的羊肚菌
 
  志愿者们所找到的尸体,可以传达的,不仅仅是“分解者”们的信息,在辛苦收集的数据的帮助下,我们更能一窥白熊坪保护站所在的而这座森林里生态系统的健康程度,为之后的科研保护行动奠定基石。
 
  每一批志愿者的到来,都伴随着新的想法和观点的碰撞。在白天的工作结束后,大家会分享一天的所见所感。常见的动植物,基本的野外防护知识,当前自然保护面临的挑战等,都是大家互相讨论学习的内容。
 
  志愿者们分享白天成果
 
  五天的志愿时间很短,然而很多志愿者都表示收获颇丰,从大家的反馈中可窥豹一斑:
 
  “比期望的学到了更多的知识。对生态保护,公共保护有更系统的了解。体会到保护工作者的不易…”
 
  “…认识了更多不同年龄层段的人,见识了不同的想法,使自己的思维更加开阔。…” 
 
  “每一个珍贵的野生动物影像、数据背后都是科研工作者难以想象的艰辛付出。”
 
  志愿者们的反馈让我们觉得十分欣慰。在这次关于食肉动物调查的科研活动中,志愿者们所做出的努力对于我们也是极有帮助的,同时,我们收获了友谊,更收获了弥足珍贵的记忆。

  志愿者合影
 
  自然是无私的,很多时候也是无奈的,因为人类的索取很多时候已经超过了限度,但很多人并没有意识到其危害性和严重性。我们希望,通过志愿活动,通过白熊讲堂,将我们所认知的自然,所提倡的自然保护理念传递给更多可能会接收到我们信息的人,从而影响更多的人关注甚至投身到保护事业当中去。
 
  图/文:陈奂琦
 
  本文为山水原创,谢绝转载,如有需要,请联系我们。
 
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西南山地

四月的森林是春的气息,扑面而来。新生,亦伴随着死亡。如同草木,秋冬之际,枯萎凋零,年老的动物也极易在寒冬的煎熬后,新芽抽出前,耗尽最后的生命。

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    山水自然保护中心于2007年建立。我们通过观察、记录和研究自然,寻找和当地的守护者一起保护自然的方式。我们在中国生物多样性最丰富的三江源、西南山地及澜沧江区域(青海、云南、四川、甘肃、陕西)开展保护工作。

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